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Lesson 16 on Basic Spanish!

Revision

English Spanish
Today Hoy
Tomorrow Manaña
Yesterday Ayer
Day after tomorrow Pasado Manaña
Day before yesterday
Anteayer
See you tomorrow! ¡Hasta manaña!
¡Nos vemos manaña!

Revision

English Spanish
(It) is late Es tarde
(It) is early Es temprano
By the morning Por la manaña
By the afternoon Por la tarde
By the night Por la noche
At mid-day Al mediodía
At mid-night A la medianoche

Lesson objectives

1

Numbers in Spanish!

What’s in store today?

To move on to our next topic of asking and telling
time, it is essential that we learn basic numbers in
Spanish and also how large numbers are derived
from basic ones!
Numbers (0-99)

Learning numbers

To learn numbers in Spanish, you need to remember
few basic numbers and the rest can be
derived from them

Let us start by learning numbers from 0-10

Basic numbers : 0-10

Number Spanish
0 Cero
1 Uno/a
2 Dos
3 Tres
4 Cuatro


Number Spanish
5 Cinco
6 Seis
7 Siete
8 Ocho
9 Nueve
10 Diez

Grammar note

Uno (one) is shortened to ‘un’ when it immediately
precedes a masculine noun
It changes to 'una' before a feminine noun

Un and Una are used as indefinite articles

The indefinite articles ‘a/an’ have the masculine form
as ‘un’ and feminine form as ‘una’
Eg: Un perro – A (male) dog

Try yourself

4

1

Tres

2

Cuatro

3

Cinco

Solution

4

1

Tres

2

Cuatro

3

Cinco

Try yourself

6

1

Seite

2

Seis

3

Cinco

Solution

6

1

Seite

2

Seis

3

Cinco

Moving on...

Lets now look at numbers from 11-19

Notice the pattern from 16-19 carefully

Basic numbers – 11-19

Number Spanish Number Spanish
1 Uno/a 11 Once
2 Dos 12 Doce
3 Tres 13 Trece
4 Cuatro 14 Catorce
5 Cinco 15 Quince
6 Seis 16 Dieciséis
7 Siete 17 Diecisiete
8 Ocho 18 Dieciocho
9 Nueve 19 Diecinueve

Did you notice?

6 = Seis
16 = Dieciséis

7 = Siete
17 = Diecisiete

There is a similar pattern for 18 (Dieci+ocho) and 19 as well (Dieci+nueve)

Notice that in 16, there is an additional accent mark on the 'e' in 'séis'

Try yourself

13

1

Trece

2

Tres

3

Siete

Solution

13

1

Trece

2

Tres

3

Siete

Try yourself

16

1

Diecisiete

2

Dieciséis

3

Catorce

Solution

16

1

Diecisiete

2

Dieciséis

3

Catorce

Try yourself

12

1

Dos

2

Once

3

Doce

Solution

12

1

Dos

2

Once

3

Doce

Basic numbers – 20-29

20 = Veinte

To form numbers from 21 onwards, we use the pattern:

Veinti + unit's number in Spanish (eg: 1, 2, 5)

Example:
21 = Veinti + uno = Veintiuno
22 = Veinti + dos = Veintidós
23 = Veinti + tres = Veintitrés

Accent marks

For numbers ending in 2 (dos), 3 (tres) and
6 (seis); an additional accent mark is added
while combining them to form numbers
from 21-29

Example:
2 = dos; 22 = Veintidós
3 = tres; 23 = Veintitrés
6 = seis; 26 = Veintiséis

Basic numbers – 20-29

Number Spanish Number Spanish
20 Veinte
1 Uno/a 21 Veintiuno/a
2 Dos 22 Veintidós
3 Tres 23 Veintitrés
4 Cuatro 24 Veinticuatro
5 Cinco 25 Veinticinco
6 Seis 26 Veintiséis
7 Siete 27 Veintisiete
8 Ocho 28 Veintiocho
9 Nueve 29 Veintinueve

Try yourself

20

1

Veinte

2

Quince

3

Veinti

Solution

20

1

Veinte

2

Quince

3

Veinti

Try yourself

27

1

Veintisiete

2

Veintiséis

3

Diecisiete

Solution

27

1

Veintisiete

2

Veintiséis

3

Diecisiete

Try yourself

24

1

Veinticinco

2

Veinticuatro

3

Veintidós

Solution

24

1

Veinticinco

2

Veinticuatro

3

Veintidós

Try yourself

29

1

Veintiuno

2

Veintisiete

3

Veintinueve

Solution

29

1

Veintiuno

2

Veintisiete

3

Veintinueve

Moving on...

Forming numbers from 30-99 is very simple

The pattern is:
Spanish for tens (eg: 30, 40) + y (and) +
Spanish for units place (eg: 1, 2, 6)

Literally, 31 = Thirty and one

Basic numbers - 30-99

Since we already know all numbers at units
place (like 1, 2, 4, 6 etc.), lets look at
numbers at tens place (30, 40, 50 etc)

Basic numbers - 30-99

Did you see the pattern with the '-ty'
numbers? From thirty to ninety,
they all end -NTA

Number Spanish
30 Treinta
40 Cuarenta
50 Cincuenta
60 Sesenta
70 Setenta
80 Ochenta
90 Noventa

Saying 31

The pattern is:
Spanish for tens (30) + y (and) + Spanish
for units place
(1)

31 = Thirty and one = Treinta y uno

Basic numbers - 30-99

30 = Treinta
1 = Uno

31
(Thirty and one)
Treinta y uno

Basic numbers - 30-99

40 = Cuarenta
5 =
Cinco

45
(Forty and five)
Cuarenta y cinco

Basic numbers - 30-99

50 = Cincuenta
7 =
Seite

57
(Fifty and seven)
Cincuenta y siete

Basic numbers - 30-99

Number Spanish Number Spanish
1 Uno/a 31 Treinta y uno
2 Dos 42 Cuarenta y dos
3 Tres 53 Cincuenta y tres
4 Cuatro 64 Sesenta y cuatro
5 Cinco 75 Setenta y cinco
6 Seis 86 Ochenta y seis
7 Siete 97 Noventa y siete
8 Ocho 98 Noventa y ocho
9 Nueve 99 Noventa y nueve

Try yourself

46

1

Cuarenta
y seis

2

Cuarenta
y siete

3

Cincuenta
y seis

Solution

46

1

Cuarenta
y seis

2

Cuarenta
y siete

3

Cincuenta
y seis

Try yourself

74

1

Sesenta y
cuatro

2

Setenta y
cuatro

3

Setenta y
cinco

Solution

74

1

Sesenta y
cuatro

2

Setenta y
cuatro

3

Setenta y
cinco

Try yourself

88

1

Ochenta y
uno

2

Ochenta
ocho

3

Ochenta y
ocho

Solution

88

1

Ochenta y
uno

2

Ochenta
ocho

3

Ochenta y
ocho

Try yourself

92

1

Treinta y
dos

2

Noventa y
nueve

3

Noventa y
dos

Solution

92

1

Treinta y
dos

2

Noventa y
nueve

3

Noventa y
dos

Culture Leaf

Culture leaf : Spanish Wine

Spanish wine has kept pace, generating an explosion
of new wines, wineries, brands, and regions that is
unprecedented in viniculture history

Spain is an ancient wine-producing country and
produces nearly as much wine as the number-one
and number-two wine producers in the world: Italy
and France

Culture leaf : Spanish Wine

Grapes are the third biggest crop in
Spain after cereals and olives

Spain the number one ranked country in the
world in terms of area covered by vineyards
Despite most of Spain's wine being red, 61.5%
of Spain's vineyards are white
This is because Spain also makes a lot of
brandy and sherry

One third of Spanish wine is exported

Culture leaf : How to read a Spanish wine label

1. Wine : The name of the wine
In this case- Alvarez - Alfaro Crianza
2. Region : The location where
grapes were grown- DOCa Rioja
3. Varietal : The type of grape used
to make the wine
4. Vintage : The year the wine was
made
5. Bodega : The name of the
winery. In this case, Alvarez -
Alfaro

What’s next?

In the next lesson, we will learn how
to ask and tell time!

Credits

Content
Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino

Image
http://www.winesfromspainusa.com/learn/how-read-spanish-wine-label

See you at the Alley!

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Practice Game: Just type what you hear