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Basic Spanish Lesson 67

Review - Parts of a computer

English Spanish
Laptop Computadora portatil
Desktop Computadora sobremesa
Screen Pantalla
Key Tecla
Keyboard Teclado
Mouse Ratón
Printer Impresora

Review - Inside the computer

English Spanish
Hard drive Disco Duro
Graphics card Tarjeta gráfica
Sound card Tarjeta de sonido
Port Puerto
RAM memory Memoria RAM
Processor Procesador
Battery Batería

Lesson objectives

1

Por vs Para

Por vs Para

Today we will learn the differences between
por and para

These two words are very often a source of
confusion, as they can both be translated as for

Por vs Para

Let’s look at some simple rules that will
tell us when to use which, as well as some
examples of these two words being used

Uses of para

To indicate who or what something is for

Uses of para

This money is for buying a car
Este dinero es para comprar un carro

Uses of para

Gift = Regalo

This gift is for you
Este regalo es para

Grammar tip

When the receiver of something is a person
we use the following pronouns, called
prepositional object pronouns

Tip

English Spanish
For me Para mí
For you (inf.) Para tí
For you (formal) Para usted
For him Para él
For her Para ella
For us Para nosotros
For you all (inf.) Para vosotros
For you all (formal) Para ustedes
For them Para ellos / ellas

Uses of para

To indicate a time limit or deadline

Uses of para

Homework = Tarea

The homework is for tomorrow
La tarea es para mañana

Uses of para

To indicate the purpose or goal

Uses of para

I study spanish to speak with my hispanic friends
Estudio español para hablar con mis amigos hispanos

Uses of para

To talk about the use or function or any
given object

Uses of para

Scissors = Tijeras
Hair =
Cabello

These scissors are for cutting hair
Estas tijeras son para cortar el cabello

Uses of para

To indicate the destination

Uses of para

To leave = Salir

We are going to leave for the airport at two
Vamos a salir para el aeropuerto a las dos

Uses of para

To express your opinion or point of view

Uses of para

Sweet = Dulce
Too =
Demasiado

It is too sweet for me
Es demasiado dulce para

Uses of por

Now let’s look at the different uses of por

Uses of por

To indicate that something happened within
the boundaries of something, or
through something

Uses of por

We walked through the beach
Caminamos por la playa

Uses of por

To indicate the means or manner

Uses of por

Pictures = Fotografías

I will send the pictures through email
Enviaré las fotografías por email

Uses of por

Doing something for someone or on behalf
of
someone

Uses of por

I will go to the store for you
Iré a la tienda por

Grammartip

This is different from ‘bring a gift for
you’ where we use ‘para’

Only when ‘for you/someone’ indicated ‘on
behalf of’ then we use ‘por

Uses of por

Durationof an action

Uses of por

We went to the beach for three days
Fuimos a la playa por tres días

Uses of por

To talk about exchanges

Uses of por

They bought a new house for 100.000 euros
Compraron una casa nueva por 100.000 euros

Uses of para

To indicate who or what something is for
To indicate a time limit or deadline
To indicate the purpose or goal
To talk about the use or function of an object
To indicate the destination
To express opinions or points of view

Uses of por

To indicate that something happened within the
boundaries of something or through something
To indicate the means or manner
Doing something for someone or in behalf
of someone
Duration of an action
To talk about exchanges

Try yourself

Tengo algo ______ ella. (I have something for her)

1

Por

2

Para

Solution

Tengo algo ______ ella. (I have something for her)

1

Por

2

Para

Try yourself

Paseamos ________ Central Park
(We walked through Central Park)

1

Por

2

Para

Solution

Paseamos ________ Central Park
(We walked through Central Park)

1

Por

2

Para

Try yourself

¿Podemos comprar un televisor ______ menos de $100?
(Can we buy a TV for less than $100?)

1

Por

2

Para

Solution

¿Podemos comprar un televisor ______ menos de $100?
(Can we buy a TV for less than $100?)

1

Por

2

Para

Try yourself

Escucho música ______ divertirme
(I listen to music to entertain myself)

1

Por

2

Para

Solution

Escucho música ______ divertirme
(I listen to music to entertain myself)

1

Por

2

Para

Review

Now let’s review all that we have learned today

Uses of para

To indicate who or what something is for
To indicate a time limit or deadline
To indicate the purpose or goal
To talk about the use or function of an object
To indicate the destination
To express opinions or points of view

Uses of por

To indicate that something happened within the
boundaries of something or through something
To indicate the means or manner
Doing something for someone or in behalf of someone
Duration of an action
To talk about exchanges

What's next?

Credits

Content
Team Culturealley, Aroa Rubio

Voice Over
Chris J. Hampton

See you at the Alley!